Spreading Good News (Post 517 – BLACK HISTORY MONTH: First African American Female Elected to the U. S. Congress, Shirley Chisholm)

The goal of Spreading Good News is for readers to:

GET INSPIRED and/or GET MOTIVATED and/or GET INFORMED and/or GET AWE-STRUCK and/or GET A BREAK FROM ALL THE NEGATIVE NEWS and to tell readers about our good, short books and our online store.

CLICK THE “FOLLOW” LINK ABOVE TO RECEIVE AN E-MAIL ALERT FOR EACH NEW, DAILY POST!!

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CONSTANT QUOTE

 

 

IT’S BETTER TO DIE CHASING A DREAM NEVER CAUGHT THAN TO DIE NEVER HAVING CHASED THE DREAM.  ~ Joyce Fields

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WE ALL EITHER REAP THE REWARDS OR SUFFER THE CONSEQUENCES FOR THE DECISIONS AND CHOICES THAT WE MAKE. ~ Joyce Fields

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TODAY’S BLOG

We all should know more about the contributions that African-Americans have made in the fields of science and medicine, as well as art, music, the written word, sports, and just-everyday life.

In honor of “Black History Month,” I will be Spreading Good News with daily posts of informative, educational, entertaining pieces about Black History.

I hope you enjoy this piece!

BLACK HISTORY MONTH:  First African American Female Elected to the U. S. Congress, Shirley Chisholm

 

Shirley Chisholm was the first African-American woman elected to Congress and an outspoken advocate for women and minorities during her seven terms in the U. S. House of Representatives. She was known as a politician who refused to allow fellow politicians, including the male-dominated Congressional Black Caucus, to sway her from her goals.

Youth, education, and marriage
Shirley Anita St. Hill was born on November 30, 1924, in Brooklyn, New York, to Charles and Ruby St. Hill. She was the eldest of four girls. Her father was from British Guiana and her mother was from Barbados. Shirley and her sisters were sent to live with her maternal grandmother in Barbados in 1927. She attended school in Barbados and received a good education from the British school system.

Shirley rejoined her parents in New York in 1934. She graduated from the Girls’ High School in Brooklyn in 1942, after excelling in academics. Shirley attended Brooklyn College and majored in sociology. When black students were denied entrance to a social club, she fought against the racism and formed an alternative club. In 1946, Shirley graduated with honors. Many companies she applied to for employment rejected her, but she managed to find a job at the Mount Calvary Child Care Center in Harlem.

In 1949, Shirley married Conrad Chisholm, a private investigator originally from Jamaica. Both were involved in local politics, and played a key role in forming the Bedford-Stuyvesant Political League. Shirley Chisholm worked in the day care field until 1959. The following year, she established the Unity Democratic Club. The club was instrumental in mobilizing black and Hispanic voters.

A life in public service
In 1964, Shirley Chisholm ran for a state assembly seat. After winning the election by a landslide, she served in the New York General Assembly from 1964 to 1968. During her tenure, she wrote a bill that instituted S.E.E.K. (Search for Education, Elevation, and Knowledge), a program that provided college funding to disadvantaged youth. She also introduced a bill that secured unemployment insurance for domestics and day-care providers.

In 1968, Chisholm campaigned to represent New York’s 12th Congressional District. Her slogan was “Fighting Shirley Chisholm — Unbought and Unbossed.” She won a seat and became the first African-American woman elected to Congress. During her first term, Chisholm hired an all-female staff, and spoke out for civil rights, women’s rights, and poor people. In addition, she was against the Vietnam War.

Chisholm served on several committees, including education and labor; she campaigned for a higher minimum wage and federal funding for day-care facilities. She also was responsible for securing federal grants for a number of Brooklyn-based enterprises that benefited disadvantaged communities. In 1970, Chisholm was elected to a second term. She became a popular public speaker and was the co-founder of the National Organization for Women (NOW).

Campaigning for president
On January 25, 1972, Chisholm announced her candidacy for the presidency, becoming the first African-American woman to do so. The 1972 Democratic National Convention in Miami, Florida, became the first major convention in which any woman was considered for the presidential nomination. Chisholm did not win the nomination, but she garnered 151 of the delegates’ votes. Chisholm served in the House of Representatives until she retired in 1982.

Chisholm recounted her campaign for the presidency in her book, Unbought and Unbossed. After leaving Congress, she was named to the Purington Chair at Mount Holyoke College in Massachusetts where she taught for four years. In 1985 she became a visiting scholar at Spelman College in Atlanta. In the later years of her life, Chisholm became a sought-after speaker on the lecture circuit.

Shirley Chisholm received numerous honorary degrees, and such awards as Brooklyn College Alumna of the Year, Key Woman of the Year, Outstanding Work in the Field of Child Welfare, and Woman of Achievement.

Chisholm passed away in Daytona Beach, Florida, on January 1, 2005. She was 80 years old.

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What are your thoughts on this piece?

 

NOTE FROM JOYCEIf you enjoyed and/or learned from this blog, please leave a comment and send the link to others.  Thanks!!

If you’re interested in reading all about “My Breast Cancer Journey,” those posts start with post #334.

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~ Joyce Fields

 

ADDITIONAL OFFERINGS FROM JOYCE FIELDS

Joyce is an author who has written seven books.  If you enjoy this blog, you will, undoubtedly, enjoy all her books.  Her sister, Anita, is also an author.

BE INSPIRED!  You can read about and order their books AND order merchandise from their online store at this link (or click the “BE INSPIRED!” button above):

https://lineofserenity.wordpress.com/get-more-inspiration/

Thanks for your interest AND support!!

Contact Joyce at goodshortbooks@yahoo.com.

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SOME OF JOYCE’S FAVORITE BLOGS

I visit these blogs and leave comments regularly.  I think you will enjoy them all!

http://www.lenasledgeblog.com  Books, reviews, give-aways, interviews.

http://living4bliss.com  Believing Life Is Set up for Success (BLISS)

http://goss-coaching.com/author/gosscoaching  A professional writer and wellness coach helping people connect thoughts, feelings, beliefs, and action to create optimal health and a vibrant life.

http://www.thebirkineffect.com  Musings of a “want it all” 21st century woman

http://www.thesweetsensations.com  A baking, entertainment, and lifestyle blog.  Fantastic recipes and food photography, too!

http://www.pennilessparenting.com  A rich life on minimum wage.  Plus fabulous, healthful recipes!

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About Line of Serenity (Joyce Fields)

As a thought leader for today's generation, I choose to be part of the solution and am doing things that positively impact people's lives. In addition to being a happy, married (since 1967!) woman, sister, aunt, mother, grandmother, great grandmother, I have over 40 years' experience in "Corporate America": Stenographer, Secretary, Supervisor, Analyst, Office Manager, Executive Assistant. I am also a professional proofreader and the author of eight books (seven non-fiction; one children's fiction--http://www.GoodShortBooks.com).
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4 Responses to Spreading Good News (Post 517 – BLACK HISTORY MONTH: First African American Female Elected to the U. S. Congress, Shirley Chisholm)

  1. living4bliss says:

    I remember when she ran for president. I didn’t know she died, though.

    How far we have come in such a short period of time. Thanks again for sharing your knowledge.

  2. Stromrechner says:

    I like the valuable info you provide on your articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and test again right here regularly. I’m slightly certain I’ll be informed many new stuff right here! Good luck for the following!

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